Dahai Caoshan Mountain in Huize County, Qujing
Chinese Name: 会泽县大海乡草山
English Name: Dahai Caoshan Mountain in Huize County, Qujing
Caoshan mountain is located in the southeast of Dahai village,Huize county,Qujing city,Yunnan province,belong to the main peak of Wumeng Mountain,between 3570-4017 meters above sea level,the highest peak Bull village(牯牛寨即绛云弄山）get 4017.3 meters above sea level,it is the highest peak of Wumeng Mountain department,which was conferred East Lofty Mountain（东岳） by the king of Nanzhao kingdom in Tang dynasty.
The characteristics of Caoshan Mountain
Caoshan Mountain is flat and vast,belong to the sub-alpine meadow and with an area of 180000 mu(12000.6ha).It is famous for its exquisite scenery.such as grass,flowers,clouds,fog, snow,light,water, peak,etc,and is known as “New Zealand in the east”.In Tang dynasty,the king of Nanzhao kingdom conferred “Five Lofty Mountains and Four Great Rivers(五岳四渎)”in Yunnan province,and it was conferred “East Lofty Mountain”.You will catch sight of the Caoshan Mountain as you get to the peak from the ring road.The meadow is smooth,the hills are rolling and rolling,broad but soft,boundless but deep,empty but full of vitality.
Meadow,flowers,streamlets,blue sky,white clouds,sheep constitute a fantastic and charming picture.Banding streamlets,clear water,green grass shade,brilliant flowers,formed a huge colorful meadow,set off by the blue sky,white clouds and sheep,it become more and more clear,peaceful,elegant and purity,sitting beside the stream,clouds brush against your shoulder,wind stroking your cheek softly,feels like into the fairyland.
The highest peak Bull village get 4017.3 meters above sea level,it is volley bully and into the sky,according to “Dongchuan Government Record(东川府志）”: “Lofty mountain,more than thirty kilometers high,precipitous peak stand erect,always covers with clouds,whenever a sunny day,it is verdant,you can see it until four to five hundred kilometers far away”.The clouds of Caoshan are exceedingly strange and constantly variation;The flammule is mysterious and profound,fantastic and magical;The rime is jade hang bead.
Whereupon,people said that Caoshan is the fairyland above clouds,fantasy world,photographer’s paradise.
The main tourist attraction
The bull village peak is 4017.3 meters above sea level ,which is the main peak of Wumeng Mountain and located in the southeastern corner of Caoshan.The peak is precipitous in north and gently in the north,constantly rain and snow for all year,always covers with clouds and fog,seems like bull play with clouds ocean,so it got this name,bull village also named Purple cloud lane mountain(绛云弄山）.
Legend in AD 787,Yi Mouxun,the king of Nanzhao kingdom,who imitated Central Plains and conferred Five Lofty Mountains and Four Great Rivers in his territory,in so doing,Caoshan was conferred East Lofty Mountain Purple cloud lane mountain.Bull village “also named Mountain With Fortune(福来山)……range upon rang of mountains,more than thirty kilometers high,precipitous peak stand erect,always covers with clouds,whenever a sunny day,it is verdant,you can see it until four to five hundred kilometers far away”(Dongchuan Government Record).In addition,Bull village witnessed a little-known history.
In early 1942,the fall of Yangon,Burma,the ocean and land transportation to the outside world were disrupted.To ensure the delivery of war supplies,after the American General Chennault’s “Flying Tigers”opened the famous “Hump Route”,he opened the only main air route Kunming-Huize-Chongqing again,and delivered the military supplies to the rear area of Chongqing.After that,the air route Kunming-Huize-Chongqing was one of the main routes in the northeastern Yunnan province until 1970.The Hump flight route along with high peak forest,it’s altitude close to the airplane’s height limit,and the mountains on the route always around with mist,so,the flying is dangerous,many pilots sacrificed their lives for it.
Among them,a large transport aircraft which numbers for C-46-4717 and crashed in Bull village,according to research,it is one of the twenty aircrafts that can’t find the exact crash location in the northeastern Yunnan “Flying Tigers”.And this period of history,has been hidden in the towering and mysterious Bull village for a long time,people hardly know it.
Caoshan Mountain is named and famous for it’s green grass.The vast amount of 200000 mu(13334ha) green grass,was it supported by the mountains?Or the mountain accumulated by grass?In south China,spring comes later. In the middle of spring,the grass of the mountains just begin to sprout,and in the distance,the faint green grass concealed the dying yellow;However,the green grass was invisible to the dying yellow when you approached.
And now,you can understand the meaning of “The greenness of grass can’t be seen but afar”.Within a few days,the green grass spread into the blanket,which looks like be blowed ups and downs by wind,decorated by all kinds of colorful mountains flowers,the gurgling streamlets are innumerable twists and turns,created Yunnan’s two “Colorful Grass Blanket”,along with Shangri-La meadow.
Caoshan Mountain is located in the monsoon region of the Indian ocean,with a low latitude,mild climate and abundant rainfall,you can see the spring stream everywhere.Which ridge or ravine you go,you will stir out the water that hidden in the lush pasture if you are negligently,one after another springs converge into many puddle of ponding,every puddle of ponding turn into every stream,flowing freely between mountains,circuitous and winding aking,you always have the illusion that stream flows uphill.Even at the top of the Bull village peak,there is still a two square meters wide and three to four inches deep pond water,as the old saying goes “How high is the mountain,how deep is the water”.The miraculous of this pond water is that it always keep a quantity,the dry season without reduction,the rainy season without increase,no matter how much cattle and sheep drink,it will not shallow go down or overflow,unchanged even in the worst drought period.
Flammule is the most mysterious scenery of Caoshan Mountain.The flammule will appear when sunny,rare mist and the sun is going to shining.Allegedly,a monk of uniting the enlightenment hidden in the Bull village belly,he will give out flammule for lucky folks,the area where illuminated by the flammule is dazzing and rock turned into gold.Caoshan is the world of grass and ocean of flowers in spring and summer.All kinds of colorful mountain flowers blooming over the mountain almost at one night,and made the purity green grass blanket to a gorgeous and colorful one.
In dozen kinds of mountain flowers,the azalea at the foot of Bull village peak is the most magnificent,covered 50000mu(3335ha),the yellow,red and white flowers blooming to a slice in whole summer,the folks will be active even though how melancholy and how negative he is!Compare to the gorgeous and colorful azalea,the girl flower bloom and fall silently in the corner.It was named by local people and it’s scientific name is known.It grows blue,five disc and soybean volume flowers,you blow it lightly and call “girl girl girl elude elude elude”for three times,the trumpet-shaped flowers will heated folded like mimosa,in so doing it got this name.It was so obscure that few people,except those who know it well,notice its existence.But it is never ashamed of its tenuous, “moss-flower like rice grain,also blooming like peony ”;Also like the vanilla,blooming silently.
Southern Iridescent Clouds
The southern iridescent clouds are flying everywhere.Yunnan is the hometown of iridescent clouds,so Caoshan Mountain full of clouds and fog in the four season,seems like it singing constant song.In spring breeze,the song is in a hurry when it is so cool;In summer,every note soak with the meaning of rainfall,it will drip water when you hold it lightly:When it is the time to mature,it become mischievous and unpredictable,Now and then,it likes the ink and ink stroll,which was painted with delicate ink on a silk cloth,empty and fantastic.
And then, it passed over the hill and rainbow hang on the sky,misty and with purity beauty;In winter,it becomes deep and decorous.The clouds and fog of Caoshan Mountain are difficult to find a clear demarcation,the fog comes out of the concave and rises up around the mountain,the bottom of the cloud is above the top of the head! “look back the clouds,and the mist is in the blue.”Only get to Caoshan Mountain can you understand the meaning of Wangwei’s poem.
The autumn and winter of Caoshan Mountain is almost impossible to find the boundary,it becomes winter when rainy.And always snowing suddenly.
The wind whistle with snow and gathering in low-lying lee,strips,clouds and yellow grass phase contrast,more white, more yellow,the hue will be more mysterious and abundant under the unexpected sunset.
After snowing three to five times,the mountain was wrapped in a transparent,there is light silver as you can see,just as northern scenery.Snow lower the sky and higher the earth,and the space is the same color.Snow formed a layer of ice on the shady side of low-lying until next spring,like the silver cord hang on the space that scattered through the earth,boundary layer and bright polyester god.
There are two kinds of karst cave,both are karst cave,and the lava has a variety of shapes.One is small cave with six entrance,and contact with each other,In stricture,it can not contain a person,but in the wide,it more than ten kilometers deep until Qing Shuinian,Jingzhong dam.
Another is the swallow cave above mid-level escarpment in the Bull village,in the lunar march to September each year,millions of swift rally in the cave,they like smoke curled up when flying out of the nest in the morning and like the dark clouds when they go back in the dusk.
The native nationality of Caoshan Mountain is Yi nationality, the name “Dahai”was from the wrong tune “the seven pendulum”of Yi language,means the highest step.The local people is of purity personality,and they are open-minded and hospitable.In addition,there is a intelligent and humorous legend of Luoying’s talent,all together made the beautiful scenery of Caoshan Mountain.Besides,the local special slate house,it used bluestone for wall and used special natural slate for top,and it is the only in Yunnan and other province.
1.Kunming(long-distance bus)–Huize（minibus in the old station and coach in the new station）–Dahai Village(16kilometers if rent car)–Caoshan Mountain
2.Kunming(long-distance bus)–Huize– Caoshan Mountain
Route 1:Kunming–kunqu highway–songdai highway–Huize–Dahai Village
Route 2:Kunming–kunqu highwaay–songdai highway–Dongchuan–Lvmao Village–Dahai Village